The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Rickettsia -- United States
The Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources (MDAR) has confirmed 2 cases of Potomac horse fever (PHF), one in Essex County and one in Norfolk County.
The Norfolk County horse, whose age, gender, breed, and vaccination status were not reported, presented on 16 Jul 2019 with clinical signs including being "off feed" and uncomfortable -- signs generally associated with mild colic -- followed by fever and diarrhea. Veterinarians diagnosed the horse with PHF the following day. The
Measles -- Worldwide/Unknown
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease for which no treatment exists. The only way to fight it is vaccination and treatment of the symptoms in the hope that the patient will be strong enough to naturally fight off the infection.
The measles epidemic declared in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) on 10 Jun 2019 is the deadliest the country has experienced since 2011-2012. Between January and early August 2019, over 145 000 people have been infected, and 2758 have died. Since July
Hepatitis E -- United States
Hepatitis A -- United States
An outbreak of hepatitis A with 23 confirmed cases has been traced to a food handler who worked in the kitchen of a private Morris County country club, state officials said on Thu 15 Aug 2019. One infected individual remained "seriously ill" on Thu 15 Aug 2019, according to New Jersey Department of Health spokeswoman Donna Leusner.
Patrons of the Mendham Golf and Tennis Club are anxiously awaiting a Mon 19 Aug 2019 deadline for the incubation period to pass for the infectious liver disease,
Foot and Mouth -- Namibia
Information received on [and dated] 15 Aug 2019 from Dr Adrianatus Florentius Maseke, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry, Windhoek, Namibia
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 8 Aug 2019
Date of confirmation of the event: 12 Aug 2019
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 13 Feb 2018
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot and
Newcastle Disease -- United States
California Department of Food & Agriculture (CDFA) state veterinarian Dr. Annette Jones disclosed on 15 Aug 2019 that ongoing surveillance and testing in the virulent Newcastle disease (VND) outbreak in Southern California resulted in the detection of a new case on 14 Aug 2019 at a retail feed store in western San Bernardino County.
Jones said this is the 1st detection of VND since 4 Jun 2019. She noted staff members from CDFA and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) discovered the
Eastern Equine Encephalitis -- United States
Veterinarians have euthanized a 3-year-old Arabian-cross gelding in Sumter County, South Carolina, after he tested positive for Eastern equine encephalomyelitis (EEE). Clemson Livestock Poultry Health stated that this is South Carolina's 3rd case in 2019. Clemson officials announced the state's 1st confirmed case, in Chesterfield County, on 23 Jul 2019.
Only one horse in South Carolina, also in Chesterfield County, was confirmed positive for EEE in 2018.
EEE is a viral disease that
Vesicular Stomatitis -- United States
Grand County has its 1st case of the vesicular stomatitis virus, a viral disease affecting numerous horses along the Front Range and in other states.
The Grand County CSU [Colorado State University] extension office warned of a suspected case of the virus in a horse last week [week of Mon 29 Jul 2019] when it sent an email blast to its members asking them to take precautions against the spread of the virus. The email detailed how the horse, which had recently attended an equine event in
Hantavirus -- United States
A south Reno resident contracted [a] hantavirus [infection], a sometimes deadly disease typically spread by deer mice, the Washoe District Health Department reported Thursday [15 Aug 2019]. It's the 1st Washoe County case since 2 were reported in 2017.
The condition of the person was not reported.
The disease is spread by inhaling or touching particles with the virus. "This typically occurs when working or recreating in areas where mouse droppings, urine, or saliva may have collected or
Classical Swine Fever -- Russia
Information received on [and dated] 15 Aug 2019 from Dr Nikolay Vlasov, deputy head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia
Report type: immediate notification (final report)
Date of start of the event: 10 Jul 2019
Date of confirmation of the event: 10 Jul 2019
Report date: 15 Aug 2019
Date submitted to OIE: 15 Aug 2019
Date event resolved: 11 Jul 2019
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Listeriosis -- Spain
Spanish authorities have linked an outbreak of _Listeria_ [infection] that has affected more than 40 people to a brand of meat. La Consejeria de Salud y Familias de la Junta de Andalucia [The Ministry of Health and Families of Andalucia] reported those ill lived in Seville and Huelva and became sick in the past 3 weeks.
The agency connected illnesses to the product by interviewing patients. It has a commercial name of "La Mecha" and is made by the company Magrudis, based in Seville. The
Equine Infectious Anemia -- United States
A 2-year-old grade gelding in Oklahoma was euthanized on [15 Jul 2019], after testing positive for equine infectious anemia (EIA), according to [an] Equine Disease Communication Center report released on [26 Jul 2019].
[Byline: Michelle N. Anderson]
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts
Date: Thu 8 Aug 2019
Source: The Horse [edited]
A recently gathered wild burro at the Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) Florence, Arizona, facility