HealthMap Global Disease Alerts

The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
  1. Antimicrobial resistance -- United States
    Consumer Reports urged the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to reverse its proposed decision to allow the use of streptomycin to treat citrus disease because of the unacceptable risk it could pose to human health and the environment.
    In comments submitted to the EPA, the consumer group noted that the proposal would result in a 26-fold increase in the use of streptomycin in plant agriculture and could trigger antibiotic resistance that would reduce the drug's effectiveness in
  2. Salmonella -- Norway
    More cases of salmonellosis have been reported in Norway with a link to imported dried fruit and coconut. _Salmonella_ Agbeni has been detected in several samples of the snack mixes. _Salmonella_ Gamaba was also found in 2 unopened packages from the same lot. The Norwegian Institute of Public Health (Folkehelseinstituttet) reported 32 confirmed and 7 possible _Salmonella_ Agbeni cases in an update from the 21 confirmed and 9 possible infections earlier this month [March 2019].
    Bama Gruppen
  3. Poisoning -- Malaysia
    Over 100 schools have been closed after the dumping of toxic waste into a river caused hundreds of people to fall ill, including many children, authorities said in Malaysia. Over 500 people, many of them school pupils, have received medical treatment after inhaling the fumes.
    A lorry [truck] is believed to have dumped the waste in southern Johor state last week, sending hazardous fumes across a wide area.
    Education Minister Maszlee Malik said his Ministry has decided to close all 111
  4. Leptospirosis -- United States
    A rare bacterial disease that every pet owner should know about has surfaced in a Citrus Heights pet. Leptospirosis is spread from wild animals to pets and humans.
    The disease is found in standing water and with all the rain lately, veterinarians are reminding people to vaccinate pets. All it takes is a puddle of water or an infected blade of grass to infect an animal, but Leptospirosis is preventable through vaccination.
    Alarm bells are sounding after a Citrus Heights woman admitted her
  5. Undiagnosed -- Cote d'Ivoire
    Two people, including a 70-year-old woman, died on [Sun 17 Mar 2019] in the village of Yrouzon and 4 other people were admitted to the general hospital of Duekoue (West, region of Guemon), after having consumed a decoction of herbal tea, supposed to cure malaria.
    According to information collected from the victims, a decoction of herbal tea was prepared the day before by the wife of the young -30 years old- BN, that passed away instantly. [BN may have been trying to relieve the pain of what
  6. Eastern Equine Encephalitis -- United States
    A horse in Lowndes County has tested positive for eastern equine encephalitis (EEE).
    Public Health officials urge South Georgians to always wear mosquito spray whenever outdoors to guard against mosquito-borne illnesses no matter how early in the season it may seem.
    "It is crucial to remember that it is never too early for mosquito bite prevention," says Kenneth Lowery, district epidemiologist. "While we generally see EEE beginning in late spring, it would not be unreasonable to see
  7. Zika virus -- Worldwide/Unknown
    Julia A. Brown, Gursewwak Singh, Joshua A. Acklin, Silviana Lee, James E. Duehr, Anupa N. Chokola et al. Dengue Virus Immunity Increases Zika Virus-Induced Damage During Pregnancy.
    Highlights
    - Dengue-specific antibodies can enhance Zika virus pathogenesis during pregnancy
    - Enhancement of Zika pathogenesis was observed in the placenta, not in the fetus
    - Placental damage was associated with an increase in infected trophoblasts
    - This process was found to be FcyR mediated
    Zika virus
  8. Rabies -- United States
    A rabies alert has been expanded to all of Bay County. The Florida Department of Health in Bay County is expanding a rabies alert issued in March [2019]. Health officials say there were 4 confirmed rabies cases in the span of a month.
    Health officials say the most recent case involved a rabid raccoon killed by dogs off Oakenshaw Drive between Highway 2301 and Camp Flowers Road in Youngstown. Florida law requires pets 4 months or older to be vaccinated. If an animal is not vaccinated, keep
  9. Pneumonia -- United States
    Aerial and ground surveys of Southern California's Mount San Gorgonio desert bighorn sheep population conducted during early March [2019] have confirmed a severe decline in numbers. Biologists from the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) and partner agencies counted 60 animals, approximately 1/3rd the number counted in the last helicopter survey conducted in March 2016.
    This reduction appears to be consistent with an outbreak of respiratory disease that CDFW has been
  10. African Trypanosomiasis -- South Africa
  11. Avian Influenza H5N1 -- Nepal
    Information received on [and dated] 17 Mar 2019 from Dr Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Nepal
    Summary:
    Report type: immediate notification
    Date of start of the event: 14 Feb 2019
    Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Mar 2019
    Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence: 10 Sep 2018
    Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
    Causal agent: Highly pathogenic
  12. West Nile Virus -- India
    As a 6-year-old boy undergoing treatment for West Nile fever died in Kerala's Mallapuram, the government on Tue 19 Mar 2019 reviewed the current situation, preparedness, and action taken to deal with the disease.
    According to a Union Health and Family Welfare Ministry official, this could be the 1st fatality due to the vector-borne disease reported from the country.
    The ministry, along with officials from the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), reviewed the state preparedness and
  13. Equine Influenza -- Germany
  14. Hantavirus -- Chile
    The 3rd hantavirus pulmonary syndrome was confirmed, with positive PCR and ELISA tests, in the Bio Bio region this [Fri 15 Mar 2019]. The case is a 57 year old man, resident of the Arauco province, according to indications by the Bio Bio Health SEREMI [Regional Health Ministerial Secretariat].
    "The patient was 1st seen in the SAPU Eleuterio Ramírez on [10 Mar 2019], later taken to the Curanilahue Hospital, and on [14 Mar 2019] was taken to the Guillermo Grant Benavente Hospital. There he
  15. African Swine Fever -- Belgium
    The discovery of a dead wild boar infected with African swine fever [ASF] in zone I north, between Les Fossés and Mellier (Léglise), required adjustment of the limits of the restricted areas. The change was applied in cooperation with the European Commission. Zone I (buffer zone) and zone II (contaminated zone) were expanded to the north.[The updated map is available at - Mod.AS].
    To date, 687 cases of ASF have been detected in wild boar. As a reminder, the 1st cases of ASF were
  16. Shigellosis -- Guam [USA]
    The Department of Public Health and Social Services is monitoring an outbreak of shigellosis on Guam. Shigellosis is an infectious disease caused by a group of bacteria called _Shigella_. Most who are infected with _Shigella_ develop diarrhea, fever, and stomach cramps starting a day or 2 after they are exposed to the bacteria.
    So far in 2019, a total of 10 cases have been reported, 9 have been confirmed. In 2018, a total of 29 cases of shigellosis were reported; 23 were
  17. African Swine Fever -- Moldova
    Information received on [and dated] 18 Mar 2019 from Dr. Vitalie Caraus, Head of Animal Health and Welfare Department, Animal Health and Welfare Department, National Food Safety Agency of the Republic of Moldova, Chisinau, Moldova
    Summary
    Report type: Immediate notification
    Date of start of the event: 14 Mar 2019
    Date of confirmation of the event: 14 Mar 2019
    Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence: 9 Jul 2018
    Manifestation of disease:
  18. Antimicrobial resistance -- United States
    Consumer Reports urged the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to reverse its proposed decision to allow the use of streptomycin to treat citrus disease because of the unacceptable risk it could pose to human health and the environment.
    In comments submitted to the EPA, the consumer group noted that the proposal would result in a 26-fold increase in the use of streptomycin in plant agriculture and could trigger antibiotic resistance that would reduce the drug's effectiveness in