The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Rift Valley Fever -- Uganda
In late November , Uganda health authorities notified the World Health Organization of a fatal Rift Valley fever (RVF) case from Obongi district.
The case was a 35-year-old man from South Sudan who was living in the Palorinya Refugee camp in Obongi district, Uganda. The case had travel history to South Sudan between 12 and 19 Nov 2019 to harvest cassava.
While in his home country, he developed fever and other symptoms and was treated for malaria; however, his condition got
Adenovirus -- United States
Multiple cases of adenovirus has been reported on college campuses around the state, according to health officials.
The Wisconsin Department of Health Services (DHS) is asking students and staff to take care to avoid the respiratory illness.
"Adenovirus infection is easily spread, which is why we tend to see it in places where large groups gather, like college dormitories and classrooms," said State Health Officer Jeanne Ayers. "While symptoms vary, the virus can be especially hard on
Syphilis -- Canada
A syphilis outbreak is worsening in Alberta [Canada], and the majority of new cases are in the Edmonton zone.
Edmonton saw 1186 of the 1753 infectious syphilis [primary, secondary and early latent syphilis] cases reported in Alberta in 2019, a total of 68 per cent.
Alberta Health Services [AHS] declared an outbreak in July 2019, saying cases had 'increased dramatically' in the province since 2014. The number increased again in July  .
AHS sent a new public health alert to
Other Plant Disease -- India
Shallots grown in Tuticorin [Toothukudi] district [are] affected by purple blotch [due to] heavy rains. In most areas [shallot] is inter-cropped with chilli.
[A farmer said,] "This year  we had continuous downpour almost every day for about a month, leaving the soil soaked and shallots rotting." He said that rotting is common every year but it used to vanish under the sun. Without sunshine and a break in the rain, farmers fear their production would drop to a mere [half to one-third]
Other Plant Disease -- Bangladesh
Farmers in Kushtia [district] are worried about the new Gummy Stem Blight disease infecting scores of gourd plants and negatively affecting production. Upon inspection, many gourd plants were found rotting, several even dying, because of the disease known to be a cucurbit-rot disease caused by a fungal infection. A cure for the disease has still not been found, which has led many to fear significant losses in gourd farming.
[A] farmer said, "This year , many of my gourd plants have
Ebola -- DR Congo
Two more Ebola infections were reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) today [6 Dec 2019], with the World Health Organization (WHO) detailing some of effects that attacks and insecurity have had on the response in recent weeks and a key response group pulling staff out of one health zone.
For the week ending 3 Dec 2019, 9 new cases were reported, 5 in Mandima and 4 in Mabalako, the WHO said in its weekly outbreak snapshot.
It said security incidents have slowed the volume
Polio -- Malaysia
- No new cases reported in the past week - Currently 6 human cases confirmed with circulating Vaccine Derived Polio Virus type 2 (cVDPV2), and 1 case with type 1 (VDPV1), all from the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM). There is also 1 case with immunodeficiency-related VDPV type 2 (iVDPV2) from Laguna.
- Synchronized polio vaccination campaign started on [25 Nov 2019] so far vaccinated 3 953 754 children under 5, which is 90% of the target total 4.4 million
Lassa Fever -- Liberia
A report reaching the Daily Observer from the Nimba County Health Team said that Lassa fever is becoming alarming, with 9 cases confirmed, out of which 3 persons have died.
The county health surveillance officer, Isaac Cole, told reporters in Nimba that 3 districts, including Sanniquellie Mahn, Saclepea, and Tappita have been declared as the "epicenters" of the deadly disease.
Of the 3 districts, Cole said Sanniquellie Mahn is the worst-affected area, where over 30 cases of suspected
Yellow Fever -- Mali
The Ministry of Health and Social Affairs declares the occurrence of 3 confirmed cases of yellow fever on Tue 3 Dec 2019.
Of the 3 cases, one resides in Sirakoro-Meguetana in the health district of Kati [Bamako region, Mali], the 2nd in Manankoro in the health district of Bougouni [Sikasso region, Mali], and the 3rd in the village of Keregouana in Cote d'Ivoire [unable to locate this village on a map, but presumably it is near the border of Mali and Cote d'Ivoire. - CopyEd.TW].
Other Human Disease -- United States
Citation: Lozier MJ, Wallace B, Anderson K, et al.: Update: Demographic, Product, and Substance-Use Characteristics of Hospitalized Patients in a Nationwide Outbreak of E-cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use-Associated Lung Injuries - United States, December 2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. ePub: 6 Dec 2019. DOI: .
What is already known about this topic?
Patients with e-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) in Illinois and Wisconsin reported using a variety
African Swine Fever -- Poland
The deadly hog virus that has roiled the global meat industry reached a key pork region in Poland, increasing the risk of disruption in the European Union's 4th-biggest producer.
The 1st case of African swine fever [ASF] was recorded in a dead wild boar in the western province of Wielkopolskie this week, Poland's chief veterinary inspectorate said Thursday [5 Dec 2019]. That comes as more cases have recently been reported in the Lubuskie province, closer to the border with Germany, the EU's
Monkeypox -- United Kingdom
Public Health England (PHE) confirms an individual has been diagnosed with monkeypox [MPX] in England.
Monkeypox is a rare viral infection that does not spread easily between people, and the risk to the general public in England is very low. It is usually a self-limiting illness, and most people recover within a few weeks. However, severe illness can occur in some individuals.
The patient is believed to have contracted the infection while visiting Nigeria.
The patient was staying in
MERS -- Saudi Arabia
From 1-31 Oct 2019, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 15 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection and 6 associated deaths. The cases were reported from Assir (5 cases), Al-Qassim (3 cases), Riyadh (6 cases), and Taif (1 case) regions. Of the 15 cases reported, 4 were linked to 2 separate clusters. Cluster 1 involved a patient (case #1) and a healthcare worker (case #5) in Assir region. Cluster 2 involved a patient (case #12) and a healthcare
Lumpy Skin Disease -- Syria
Dozens of cattle breeders in Rastan, Houla, Tal al-Shor, Qusayr, and around the country have complained of an outbreak of lumpy skin disease (LSD) in the past 2 months, resulting in a massive cattle infestation of 60-70%. Many have died, causing heavy losses. There is no real cure for the disease except for a vaccine, which was given in an inappropriate period, the breeders said. According to veterinarians, the vaccine needed to be given in the 3rd month of the year, but laxity in its
Nipah/Hendra Virus -- India
We bring to your notice that the post is false. The post on the Nipah 3rd outbreak in Kerala (mentioned in the subject line) is a serious lapse on part of the public health team where the information given seems to be totally jumbled up with reporting of a new case on 4 Dec 2019, which is followed by news from 4 Jun 2019. This has been viewed seriously by the MoH, GoI, as it could have resulted in serious implications for the country, especially related to travel and trade and also under