The latest alerts on infectious disease around the world
Anthrax -- Lesotho
This article was originally published here Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Oct 19;17(20):E7584. doi:10.3390/ijerph17207584.
BACKGROUND: Although anthrax occurs globally, the burden of the disease remains particularly high in Africa. Furthermore, the disease anthrax has significant public health and economic implications. However, sufficient attention has not been given to the geographic distribution of anthrax outbreaks and cases in Lesotho. Therefore, this study
COVID-19 -- Ireland
Cross-reactive immune responses elicited by seasonal coronaviruses might impact SARS-CoV-2 susceptibility and disease outcomes. We measured neutralizing activity against SARS-CoV-2 in pre-pandemic sera from patients with prior PCR-confirmed seasonal coronavirus infection. While neutralizing activity against seasonal coronaviruses was detected in nearly all sera, cross-reactive neutralizing activity against SARS-CoV-2 was undetectable.
Listeriosis -- United States
CDC, public health and regulatory officials in several states, and the US Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA-FSIS) are investigating a multistate outbreak of _Listeria monocytogenes_ infections linked to deli meats.
Latest outbreak information
At a glance
Reported cases: 10
"10 people infected with the outbreak strain of _Listeria_ have been reported from Florida, Massachusetts,
Other Plant Disease -- India
[For] the onion farmers of Maharashtra, the monsoon season has brought disease. Much of the crop has been destroyed after being infected with a fungal disease called Anthracnose, which tends to attack plants in the spring when the weather is cool and wet. According to [farmers], the condition has worsened over the last 2 years. This year , rainfall was over 200 mm, which is double [the average].
Dr Anand Kumar Singh, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), confirmed that the
Avian Influenza H5N8 -- Kazakhstan
Avian Influenza H5N8 -- Netherlands
Information received on [and dated] 23 Oct 2020 from Dr Christianne Bruschke, Chief Veterinary Officer, Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, The Hague, Netherlands
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 17 Oct 2020
Date of confirmation of the event: 20 Oct 2020
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 28 Sep 2018
Manifestation of disease: clinical
Avian Influenza H5N8 -- South Korea
A highly pathogenic avian influenza (AI) case was reported in South Korea on [Sun 25 Oct 2020], marking the 1st virulent bird flu case in the country in 32 months. The virulent avian influenza strain of H5N8 was discovered from a fecal sample collected from wild birds on [Wed 21 Oct 2020] in Cheonan, 92 km [approx. 57 mi] south of Seoul, according to the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs.
The discovery marked the 1st highly pathogenic AI case confirmed in the country since the
Other Human Disease -- Région d'outre-mer de French Guiana, France
Public health measures that are planned or ongoing include the following:
- Entomological investigation and entomological expertise from the IPG;
- convening an expert committee to discuss the implementation of a strategy for entomological and virological surveillance of arboviruses, and vector competence of areas not yet affected;
- vector prevention: Public health measures to minimize exposure of persons to mosquitoes are imperative to prevent the spread of the virus and therefore, the