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fire aus 600 

What To Do If A Wildfire Strikes, (Wildfire Action Plan)

-Wear protective clothing such as sturdy shoes, cotton or woolen clothing, long pants and long-sleeved shirt, gloves and handkerchief to protect your face.

-Back your car in the garage, heading out with windows closed and the keys in the ignition.

-Close the garage door but leave it unlocked; disconnect the automatic garage door opener in case of power failure.

- Place valuable documents and family mementos inside the car in the garage for a quick departure, if necessary.

-Make plans for your pets in case you must evacuate, most shelters do not accept pets.

-Keep a flashlight and portable radio with you at all times.

-Move combustible yard furniture away from the house and store it in the garage.

-Connect the garden hose to outside water spigots.

-Assemble in advance a disaster supply kit with items you may need if advised to evacuate.

-Listen to your local news for reports and evacuation information.

During a wildfire

If a wildfire threatens your home and time permits, take the following

precautions:.

  • Shut off gas at the meter. Only a qualified professional can safely turn
  • the gas back on.
  • Seal attic and ground vents with pre-cut plywood or commercial seals.
  • Turn off propane tanks.
  • Place combustible patio furniture inside.
  • Connect garden hose to outside taps. Place lawn sprinklers on the roof
  • and near above-ground fuel tanks. Wet the roof.
  • Wet or remove shrubs within 15 feet of your residence.
  • Gather fire tools such as a rake, axe, handsaw or chainsaw, bucket,
  • and shovel.
  • Back your car into the garage or park it in an open space facing the
  • direction of escape. Shut doors and roll up windows. Leave the key in
  • the ignition and the car doors unlocked. Close garage windows and
  • doors, but leave them unlocked. Disconnect automatic garage door
  • openers.
  • Open fireplace damper. Close fireplace screens.
  • Close windows, vents, doors, blinds or noncombustible window
  • coverings, and heavy drapes. Remove flammable drapes and curtains.
  • Move flammable furniture into the center of the residence away from
  • windows and sliding-glass doors.
  • Close all interior doors and windows to prevent drafts.
  • Place valuables that will not be damaged by water in a pool or pond.
  • If advised to evacuate, do so immediately. Choose a route away from
  • the fire hazard. Watch for changes in the speed and direction of the
  • fire and smoke.
  • Turn on a battery-operated radio to get the latest emergency information.
  • Remove combustible items from around the house. Lawn and poolside furniture, Umbrellas, Tarp coverings, and excess Firewood.
  • Take down flammable drapes and curtains and close all venetian blinds or noncombustible window coverings.
  • Close all doors and windows inside your home to prevent draft.
  • Close gas valves and turn off all pilot lights.
  • Shut off electricity from the main power panel
  • Place valuables that will not be damaged by water in a pool or pond.
  • If hoses and adequate water are available, leave sprinklers on roofs and anything that might be damaged by fire.
  • Be ready to evacuate all family members and pets when fire nears or when instructed to do so by local officials.

If Trapped in a Wildland Fire

You cannot outrun a fire.  Crouch in a pond or river.  Cover head and upper body with wet clothing.  If water is not around, look for shelter in a cleared area or among a bed of rocks.  Lie flat and cover body with wet clothing or soil. Breathe the air close to the ground through a wet cloth to avoid scorching lungs or inhaling smoke.

If  you don't have a radio, check  the mountains top and  if you  see dark  clouds  that  are  nearly  immobile  then  change direction. Often the wind will bring you the smell confirming the fire.

On  foot in a forest it is useless to try to escape a major forest fire  your best bet is to throw yourself in  the  closest water lake or river even pound. If  you  have  time you can build a burned zone  near  the  pound acting as  a  kind  of buffer zone. Keep your clothes  and  body ALWAYS wet. Stones  near  the river or shore will become very  hot  afterward stay away from them.

Don't  panic only a fire of extreme intensity can make the water  of a  pound or stagnant water boiling hot  even  if  this marshy water has very little depth.

Breath through a wet cloth to AVOID BREATHING SMOKE.

A fire burns a lot of oxygen around so don't move and try to breath as normally as you possibly can.

If you are in a small bush fire and that it is impossible to reach a nearby water you can try to build a buffer zone of burned area  around you but this does not work in a major  forest  fire with walls of fire around you.

Avoid  at  all cost to seek shelter in a cave! Because  the smoke will either kill you or the you will die by lack of oxygen if not by excessive heat.

Wildfires can create its own weather

When a fire reaches into the trees it fuels itself into a inferno. A tree provides the fuel for a fire as the tree sap burns very easily and quickly.

When a fire reaches into the tree tops, it is referred to as "crowning".

The water in the trees is turned into water vapor and released into the air as steam. The hot air will rise quickly and form a rain cloud, and the water vapor condenses as it rises. The ash or soot from the fire also provides a nuclei for the water vapor to attach to and grow into a rain drop.

The strong updrafts created by the hot air and steam rising create winds and also helps to fuel the fire. As the winds pick up it only helps fan the fires, which spreads the flames quickly. It also takes the hot ash into the air where it falls out, starting new fires in surrounding areas.